Prostate biopsy results: PIN and ASAP

PIN and ASAP are changes in the cells in the prostate, which can only be seen under a microscope. PIN stands for prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. ASAP stands for atypical small acinar proliferation.

If you've been diagnosed with PIN, it's probably high grade PIN. There is also low grade PIN, but there's no evidence that this can cause problems in a man's lifetime.1-7 You can check with your doctor if you're not sure. When we say PIN, we mean high grade PIN.

PIN is not the same as prostate cancer.

Updated June 2013

To be reviewed June 2015

Contents

 

What is PIN?

PIN is not prostate cancer.

PIN stands for prostatic intraepithelial neoplasia. It's the name for certain kinds of changes to cells in the prostate1-4. These changes can only be seen under a microscope.

We don't know what causes PIN, but we do know that the chance of finding it increases as you get older5,6.  

Although PIN is not prostate cancer, many men with prostate cancer do have some PIN as well2,4. Not all men with PIN get prostate cancer.

Back to contents

What is ASAP?

ASAP stands for atypical small acinar proliferation. It means there are unusual cells in your prostate but it's not clear what they are or if they might be cancerous15,16.  

It's possible to have both ASAP and PIN in your prostate3,12-15.

ASAP could be very small cancer cells which are still too small to see clearly under the microscope16. Or it might be other unusual cell changes which won't become cancer16.  Because it's uncertain, you will usually need to have more tests if you have ASAP5,17.

Back to contents

Am I more likely to get prostate cancer?

If you have a lot of PIN or if you have ASAP, you may be more likely to develop prostate cancer1-3,6,7,9,10.

If you've been diagnosed with PIN or ASAP and are worried about prostate cancer, speak to your doctor or nurse.

Read more about your risk of getting prostate cancer. Or you could speak to one of our Specialist Nurses.

Back to contents

How are PIN and ASAP found?

PIN and ASAP can only be found by looking at prostate tissue under a microscope. This might happen if:

Back to contents

What are the symptoms?

PIN2 and ASAP don't cause any symptoms on their own. But they're usually diagnosed when a man has tests or treatment for another prostate problem, which often does have symptoms. For example, if you have an enlarged prostate as well as PIN, you might have problems peeing which are caused by the enlarged prostate, not the PIN.

If you do have any symptoms such as problems peeing, speak to your doctor. They can do more tests to find out what's causing them, and there are treatments that can help.

Back to contents

Will I need treatment?

You won't need any treatment for PIN or ASAP2,13. But you might need regular check-ups to check for any changes that suggest that cancer is growing.

You may have:

You might also have an MRI scan to check there's no cancer in parts of the prostate that weren't looked at in your biopsy.

The tests you have will depend on your own situation. Talk to your doctor or nurse if you have any questions . You can also speak to our Specialist Nurses.

If you are diagnosed with cancer, it is more likely to be an early stage because you'll have had these regular check-ups. This means it can be carefully monitored or treated if necessary.

If you do get prostate cancer, you won't continue to have regular check-ups for PIN or ASAP.

Back to contents

Questions to ask your doctor or nurse

  • Have I got high grade PIN or ASAP?
  • How much high grade PIN or ASAP do I have?
  • Do I need further tests to find out more?
  • What is my risk of getting prostate cancer?
  • Can I do anything to reduce my risk of prostate cancer?
  • How often will I need to have check-ups?
  • What will my check-ups involve?
  • Will I need to have another biopsy?
  • Will I need any other tests?

Back to contents